A fan-shaped cap with a small stem to one side, Lentinellus pulvinulus is usually clustered on the side of dead wood in wet forests. The edges of its white gills are jagged.
Lepista nuda – Wood Blewit
Discovered in rather deep mulch in 2nd Heath, this Lepista nuda has an intensely mauve cap of about 80mm but can grow to 200mm. The cap has wavy edges and turns brownish with age. It’s a target species for Fungimap and first sighted in the Park in 2016.
Leucoagaricus leucothites – Smooth Parasol
This almost pure white agaricus has white spores and a smooth cap with a slightly buff coloured centre and gills when mature. It is edible but similar to some Amanitas which are mostly poisonous and can be differentiated by its lack of a volva at the base of the stem. It appears in the Park on the ridge alongside the Windmill Soak in May and June.
Mycena are small with thin fragile stems, mostly grey or brown but some are brightly coloured. Their distinguishing feature is the translucent, striated cap through which the gills can be seen. There an estimated 500 species of Mycena worldwide, some of which can only be distinguished microscopically and some are bioluminescent. They can be observed in several locations in the Park, May to July.
These tiny fungi with caps just 3-5mm dia are native to Australia and generally found on eucalypt bark, as here. Their caps have minute, sparkly white granules.
Mycena viscidocruenta – Ruby Bonnet
Groups of these tiny species were first noticed in two spots in the Park in June 2014. They are distinguishable by their bright red sticky cap and stem and pale pink gills
Panaeolina foenisecii – Brown Mottle Gill
This is a very common and widely distributed fungi which mostly grows on lawns.
The 20-30mm cap of Parasola conopilus is glistening red-brown at first then fades to brown and beige with age and exposure to sun. The stalk is long and slender, initially white then hollow and brown. Gills are greyish brown with white edges. It is a common sight in the Park.
Parasols plicatilis – Pleated Inkcap
The ephemeral fruiting body of this species is found worldwide on soil or mulch where there is buried wood. It emerges at night after rain and self-decomposes after spore dispersal or collapses if dried up in sunlight.
Caps up to 75mm and broadly convex to flattened, sticky when moist with reddish fibrils, dense in the centre, Pholiota communes is common in eucalyptus and pine forests. Spores a dull brown.
Pluteus cervinus – Deer Shield
Uncommon in the Park, this fungi is found on wood waste and has white flesh and gills and a white stem covered with brown vertical fibrils, often twisted as in this example. Observed for the first time in May 2013.
Psilocybe subaeruginosa – Blue Meanies
Psilocybe subaeruginosa has a white cobweb-like veil like a cortinarius, and a slender, fibrous stem. The light or olive-brown cap usually has blue-green patches and is smooth and dry, often with fragments of the veil at the margins. All parts stain a blueish-green with age or when bruised. Spores are purple-black. Thanks to Fam for the identification through the website.
Schizophyllum commune – Splitgill
This species is common in eucalyptus forests and woodlands on stumps and logs. Not strictly a gilled fungi, it is more closely related to bracket fungi but it does have gills! Pale pink to cream and densely hairy on the top, Schizophyllum commune has distinctive split or double-edged gills. It appears in the Park to colonise relatively newly cut stumps in and can be seen in 1st Heath, Lakeside Walk and alongside the road adjacent to the bridge in the river section. It has a lifespan of about a year before drying up or being taken over by algae.
Stropharia aurantica – Redlead Roundhead
Stropharia aurantica has a cap of up to 50mm diameter, orange to deep red, sticky when young, drying as it matures. The margins usually have white veil fragments. The gills are at first pale grey turning purplish brown, as are the spores. It has been observed over the last three years from April to August in large groups throughout the Park. This is one of the new Fungimap target species.
Tapinella panuoides has a fan-shaped pinkish brown cap radiating from a basal attachment point rather than a stem. It has distinctive ‘crimped’ yellow gills just below the incurved margin of the cap and tan/brown spores. It was first observed in the Park in 2016.
Volvariella speciosa – Common Rosegill
Volvariella speciosa is large (<150mm in diameter and 120mm tall) and very common in the Park for much of the year. White or light grey, conical when young, the cap ages to a smooth, shiny golden brown, becoming flat. Sticky when wet. Some say Volvariella speciosa is edible but not particularly good eating and care must be taken that it is not confused with Amanita phalloides – Death Cap!
Xerula gigaspora – Rooting Shank
This fungus grows on buried wood and is distinguished by its brown cap and white gills. The cap is slimy-wet when fresh and this dries with age and becomes deeply wrinkled. The stem is white at the top and brown-grey at the base and reaches well below ground into a false root, hence the common name ‘Rooting Shank’. It produces white spores. So far only a handful of specimens have been observed, May and June.